Cube4EnvSec Use Cases  


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  About Cube4EnvSec  

Dr. Jamie Shea, retired Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges at NATO Headquarters in Brussels, Belgium: "NATO is currently stepping up its efforts to address the security challenges resulting from the accelerating rate of global climate change. One key role that the alliance can play is to improve its predictive modelling on how climate change can be a stress multiplier on vital eco-systems that can lead to social and political instability in regions that are closely tied to NATO’s own security. The new project Cube4EnvSec under the NATO Science for Peace and Security Programme is a prime example of how NATO can mobilise the best expertise and knowledge of the scientific community to make a crucial difference."

Capability Gap

"Working off the same map and sharing it" is required for any orchestrated activity in Transnational Security and Environment Protection, in particular the NATO Federated Mission Network (FMN). However, the required capabilities are not available today to the extent needed.


Cube4EnvSec responds to this capbility gap by demonstrating seamlessly federated, AI-enabled spatio-temporal datacube services. A paradigm of "any query, any time" becomes reality, integrating fixed and moving geo data sources for use by fixed and moving consumers. Based strictly on open, industry-adopted standards a plethora of clients can tap into the data resources for access, analysis, fusion, and federation.

As the most suitable platform, the rasdaman datacube engine was chosen for its proven flexibility, scalability, and standards support.

Duration and Funding

The Cube4EnvSec project is in part funded by the NATO Science for Peace and Security (SPS) program, with a runtime from May 2022 through April 2024.

Scientific Advisor and NATO-Side Coordinator

LtCol Rene Heise (NATO-HQ) acts as scientific advisor and coordinator for this SPS-project. Heise works in NATO’s Emerging Security Challenges Division in Brussels, Belgium. Previously, he has served as head of Geo-sections at the German Air Force Air Operations Command and as acting Chief METOC Officer and Section Head at the NATO Allied Command Operations. He is a member of the Global Military Advisory Council on Climate Change.



Huh? Datacubes? If you think about our atmosphere, do you think about zillions of NetCDF files? Probably not. You rather think of some 3D x/y/z space that changes over time - the fourth dimension, actually. Datacubes are a paradigm that give humans (and programs as well) a perception of multi-dimensional spaces which can be walked without obstacles in any direction. Including time - and analysis of long timeseries is the killer application, in particular for AI.

Multi-dimensional by nature. Datacubes are not only 3D. Actually, they unify 1D sensor data, 2D imagery, 3D x/y/t image timeseries and x/y/z geological voxel data, 4D x/y/z/t atmospheric and ocean data, etc. Unified APIs are all the same across all dimensions, simplifying access further. Powerful, flexible standardized APIs as issued by OGC and ISO are proven on Petascale data holdings. Also the European SDI initiative, INSPIRE, builds on these standards. A who's who of open-source and proprietary clients and servers is available, with the rasdaman datacube engine being the pioneer, blueprint, reference implementation, and official INSPIRE Good Practice for datacube services.

Location-transparent federation establishes a single common information space where heterogeneous data sources feed homogenized datacubes for a flexible mix & match.

Experience the award-winning, world-leading rasdaman datacubes hands-on with the Earth Datacube Playground!



Cube4EnvSec consists of a nucleus to get the ball rolling; however, it is open to any other initiative that wants to relate itself to the spirit of Cube4EnvSec.

Constructor University, Germany

Constructor University logo

The Large-Scale Scientific Information Services Research Group (L-SIS) at Constructor University led by Prof. Dr. Peter Baumann, who is also Principal Investigator of Cube4EnvSec, researches on flexible, scalable services on massive multi-dimensional grid data (aka "datacubes"). L-SIS addresses this theme in all its aspects, including theory, architecture, and applications in science and engineering. One main outcome is rasdaman ("raster data manager"), the pioneer Array DBMS, which has has received a series of national and international innovation awards and has led to an internationally successful spinoff. Standardization is a second major substantial contribution.

In Cube4EnvSec, the group operates the weather and thunderstorm datacube services, and provides the link into the EarthServer datacube federation.

Tel Aviv University, Israel

TAU logo

Tel Aviv University (TAU) is Israel's largest and most comprehensive institution of higher learning, home to over 30,000 students in nine faculties and over 125 schools and departments across the spectrum of sciences, humanities and the arts.

Led by Prof. Dr. Colin Price, the Atmospheric Physics Lab has international reputation in research on atmospheric electricity, thunderstorms, space weather, sprites, climate change, and related topics.

In Cube4EnvSec, the group operates the lightning datacube service.

Greenland Institute of National Resources, Greenland/Denmark

GINR logo

Greenland Institute of Natural Resources is a research institution located in Nuuk organized under the Government of Greenland with an independent Board. The institute is advising the government concerning biological resources and the natural environment on the basis of field work sampling and measurements on land and at sea with small and larger vessels as platforms. The collected data is managed through databases and geospatial analytics, relevant data are stored in external agencies or organizations, such as ICES.

Karl Zinglersen, researcher at Greenland Institute of National Resources, is working on the mapping of Greenland towns and nature as well as Bathymetric mapping in the Arctic with GIS, Remote Sensing, land surveying methods.

In Cube4EnvSec, the group operates the maritime datacube service.

Aydin University Istanbul, Turkiye

Aydin University logo

Istanbul Aydin University is a private university founded in 2007 in Istanbul, Turkey by extension of its predecessor. The university is a technology center with ten faculties.

Prof. Dr. Zafer Aslan, Vice Rector at the Dept. of Computer Eng. in the Faculty of Engineering and Director of International Relations, together with her team researches on wind energy, spatio-temporal analysis of vegetation, and machine learning. In the project, focus is on hurricanes in the Mediterranean, so-called medicanes.

In Cube4EnvSec, the group operates the medicane datacube service.


  Terms of Reference 

Responsible Maintainer

Constructor University Bremen gGmbH
c/o Prof. Dr. Peter Baumann
Campus Ring 12
28759 Bremen

Contact: Peter Baumann,

Image Credits

Images © AdobeStock, ESA, NATO, Heise, rasdaman, WxFUSION, DKRZ.

No Operational Use

This service is for technology demonstration purposes only. No responsibility whatsoever is taken on availability of the service, availability of data at some particular location and time, and correctness of the data. It is explicitly forbidden to base decisions, such as choice of flight path, on this demonstration service.

External Links

All external links implemented on this site have been checked for conformance with the spirit and intent of this site, and have found conformant at this time. However, the maintainer of this site has no control over the (change of) contents of the referred websites and, therefore, does not assume any responsibility for the contents of referred websites.

German Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

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