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  About Cube4EnvSec  

Dr. Jamie Shea, retired Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges at NATO Headquarters in Brussels, Belgium: "NATO is currently stepping up its efforts to address the security challenges resulting from the accelerating rate of global climate change. One key role that the alliance can play is to improve its predictive modelling on how climate change can be a stress multiplier on vital eco-systems that can lead to social and political instability in regions that are closely tied to NATO’s own security. The new project Cube4EnvSec under the NATO Science for Peace and Security Programme is a prime example of how NATO can mobilise the best expertise and knowledge of the scientific community to make a crucial difference."

Capability Gap

"Working off the same map and sharing it" is required for any orchestrated activity in Transnational Security and Environment Protection, however, not available today to the extent needed.


Cube4EnvSec responds to this cap by demonstrating seamlessly federated spatio-temporal services. By combining static data assets -- such as Copernicus DIAS archives -- with dynamic assets -- such as on-board sensor readings -- a capability of "any query, any time" becomes reality, integrating fixed and moving geo data sources for use by fixed and moving consumers, Technical basis the rasdaman datacube engine, chosen based on its proven flexibility, scalability, and standards support.

Duration and Funding

The Cube4EnvSec project is in part funded by the NATO Science for Peace and Security (SPS) program, with a runtime from March 2022 through August 2023.

Scientific Advisor and NATO-Side Coordinator

LtCol Rene Heise (NATO-HQ) acts as scientific advisor and coordinator for this SPS-project. Heise works in NATO’s Emerging Security Challenges Division in Brussels, Belgium. Previously, he has served as head of Geo-sections at the German Air Force Air Operations Command, and as acting Chief METOC Officer and Section Head at the NATO Allied Command Operations. He is a member of the Global Military Advisory Council on Climate Change.


  Cube4EnvSec Use Cases  



Huh? Datacubes? If you think about our atmosphere, do you think about zillions of NetCDF files? Probably not. You rather think of some 3D x/y/z space that changes over time - the fourth dimension, actually. Datacubes are a paradigm that give humans (and programs as well) a perception of multi-dimensional spaces which can be walked without obstacles in any direction. Including time - and analysis of long timeseries is the killer application, in particular for AI.

Multi-dimensional by nature. Datacubes are not only 3D. Actually, they unify 1D sensor data, 2D imagery, 3D x/y/t image timeseries and x/y/z geological voxel data, 4D x/y/z/t atmospheric and ocean data, etc. Unified APIs are all the same across all dimensions, simplifying access further. Powerful, flexible standardized APIs as issued by OGC and ISO are proven on Petascale data holdings. Also the European SDI initiative, INSPIRE, builds on these standards. A who's who of open-source and proprietary clients and servers is available, with the rasdaman datacube engine being the pioneer, blueprint, reference implementation, and official INSPIRE Good Practice for datacube services.

Location-transparent federation establishes a single common information space where heterogeneous data sources feed homogenized datacubes for a flexible mix & match.

Experience the award-winning, world-leading rasdaman datacubes hands-on with the Earth Datacube Playground!



Cube4EnvSec consists of a nucleus to get the ball rolling; however, it is open to any other initiative that wants to relate itself to the spirit of Cube4EnvSec.

Constructor University, Germany

The Large-Scale Scientific Information Services Research Group (L-SIS) at Constructor University led by Prof. Dr. Peter Baumann, who is also Principal Investigator of Cube4EnvSec, researches on flexible, scalable services on massive multi-dimensional grid data (aka "datacubes"). L-SIS addresses this theme in all its aspects, including theory, architecture, and applications in science and engineering. One main outcome is rasdaman ("raster data manager"), the pioneer Array DBMS, which has has received a series of national and international innovation awards and has led to an internationally successful spinoff. Standardization is a second major substantial contribution.

Tel Aviv University, Israel

Tel Aviv University (TAU) - Israel's largest and most comprehensive institution of higher learning - is home to over 30,000 students studying in nine faculties and over 125 schools and departments across the spectrum of sciences, humanities and the arts. Consistently ranked in the top 20 in the world in terms of scientific citations and among the top 100 universities internationally, Tel Aviv University is also Israel's first choice for students, and its graduates are the most sought after by Israeli companies. Global in outlook and impact, TAU advances teaching and research that break down the walls between disciplines, striving to address the twenty-first century's most pressing challenges through bold, interdisciplinary solutions.

Led by Prof. Dr. Colin Price, the Atmospheric Physics Lab has international reputation in research on atmospheric electricity, thunderstorms, space weather, sprites, climate change, and related topics.

Greenland Institute of National Resources, Greenland/Denmark

Greenland Institute of Natural Resources is a research institution located in Nuuk organized under the Government of Greenland with an independent Board. The institute is advising the government concerning biological resources and the natural environment on the basis of field work sampling and measurements on land and at sea with small and larger vessels as platforms. The collected data is managed through databases and geospatial analytics, relevant data are stored in external agencies or organizations, such as ICES.

Karl Zinglersen, researcher at Greenland Institute of National Resources, is working on the mapping of Greenland towns and nature as well as Bathymetric mapping in the Arctic with GIS, Remote Sensing, land surveying methods.


  Terms of Reference 

Responsible Maintainer

Constructor University Bremen gGmbH
c/o Prof. Dr. Peter Baumann
Campus Ring 12
28759 Bremen

Contact: Peter Baumann,

Image Credits

Images © AdobeStock, ESA, NATO, Heise, rasdaman, WxFUSION.

No Operational Use

This service is for technology demonstration purposes only. No responsibility whatsoever is taken on availability of the service, availability of data at some particular location and time, and correctness of the data. It is explicitly forbidden to base decisions, such as choice of flight path, on this demonstration service.

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